The reading, What is the Third Estate, describes the common man's importance in the French society before the French Revolution. The author, Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes, wrote What is the Third Estate to express his view of the French society. Sieyes believed that the common man was the backbone of the French society, and should be greater represented in government's decisions. He believed that the common man is what allowed the society to function and prosper, and that the nobility, being a smaller and less important portion of their society, shouldn't be given such a large portion of influence in the decision making.
The section that stood out was “It is not sufficient to show that privileged persons, far from being useful to the nation, cannot but enfeeble and injure it; it is necessary to prove further that the noble order does not enter at all into the social organization; that it may indeed be a burden upon the nation, but that it cannot of itself constitute a nation.” This stood out because it shows from the common man's eyes how unimportant the commons view the nobles. Sieyes goes as far as to say that the nobles are a burden to society. The nobles are seen as a burden to the nation, not as important or helpful, but as a burden. The nobles who have a third of the power are actually being seen as counter productive to their society.
This raises the idea that those in charge should work harder to maintain similar economic conditions as the commons. If the nobles were just as wealthy as the common they wouldn't be seen as the privileged, and probably would avoid making decisions that hurt the commons. Having similar economic conditions as the common man would also make moving from Estate to Estate easier, lowering the dividers on the society. It'd make it harder to point the finger at a few individuals if everyone has the same chance of having power.
The modern American society is a parallel to the reading. America's class divisions are becoming increasingly harder to transcend. This puts those in charge in a completely different financial position as the average American. It is hard to make decisions for people who are in a completely different situation. Those in charge would make wiser, overall more beneficial, decisions for the people, if they were in the same position. The economic separation between the politicians and the average American make it harder to understand the benefits of their leader's decisions.
The reading relates to the text because it describes the feelings that lead to the French Revolution. The difference in class and power between the commons, who felt they did the most work, and the nobles. The commons represented the larger portion of the population, and wanted to represented as such politically. The commons also felt that the nobility were counter productive, and even unnecessary to the functioning of their society. This view of the classes and power lead to the French Revolution.