The main theme of the reading is pessimism. There are several examples of how this is related to chapter twenty-five of the text book. The first example has to do with war.
In chapter twenty-five, the people had the idea that a war would solve problems. This may seem like an optimistic view. However, desiring a war to happen in the first place seems more like a pessimistic desire. The second example comes after the war happened.
In the reading, the negativity shown is great. There is little hope for rehabilitation. In chapter twenty-five, the war proves to bring no improvement that the people had hoped for. In the reading, there was no positive outlook.
Both situations came out in a similar way. Both brought no improvement. The pessimism in the reading seems like it could hardly be avoided, especially with starvation and falling economy.
Because of the industrialism, there was some improvement in the economy. Machine and factory work provided more food for more people. However, it also led to fewer rural farmers needed, and child labor. When the economy is falling, pessimism is prominent. When war is desired as a hope that it will be a solution, people are desperate.